|LA REYNA DE REYNAS|
;Mona Lisa del Gioconda
The portrait full of mystery and secrets is painted on a 77x53 cm large
poplar-wood. It is the most famous work of Leonardo da Vinci.
Originally the painting was larger than today, because two columns, one on the
left the other one on the right side of Mona Lisa, have been cut. That is the
reason why it is not easy to recognize that Mona Lisa is sitting on a terrace.
It is also mentionable that many details are not visible today, because they are
partially damaged and some parts of Mona Lisa are painted over.
However the characteristic of the famous painting is still existing. The
characteristic consists in the detailed background which disappears in the misty
atmosphere (this is called "sfumato" technique), the perfect portrayed Mona Lisa
and of course her hypnotically smile.It is supposed, that Francesco di
Bartolommeo di Zanobi del Giocondo, one of the noblest citizen of Florence,
ordered from Leonardo a portrait of his third wife Lisa di Antonio Maria di
Leonardo started to work at this painting in 1503. At this time Mona Lisa was
twenty-four year old.
He worked at the portrait for the next four years. When Leonardo left Florence
in 1507 he did not sell the painting to the orderer but he kept it for himself.
Several believe, that Leonardo did not hand over the painting, because he did
not finish the work, other believe that Leonardo loved the painting to much.
Leonardo da Vinci arrived with the painting in his baggage in France in the year
1516. Leonardo sold the painting in France to King Francis I., who bought it for
the castle in Amboise. In the following time Mona Lisa came to Fontainbleau,
Paris, Versailles and then to the collection of Ludwig XIV. After the revolution
in France the painting got a new home in the Louvre. Napoleon took it away from
there and hung it up in his bedroom. When Napoleon was banished Mona Lisa
returned into the great Louvre in Paris.
On 21 August 1911 Mona Lisa was stolen from an italian thief, who brought the
painting to Italy, where it emerged two years later in Florence. After some
exhibitions Mona Lisa returned again to Paris.
An acid attempt damaged the lower half of the painting in 1956. The restoration
took several years.
In the 60īs and 70īs Mona Lisa was exposed in New York, Tokyo and Moscow. Today
the painting is behind bullet-proof glass in Paris in the Louvre and
international terms are prohibiting any journey.